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Resource monotonicity

Resource monotonicity is a principle of fair division. It says that, if there are more resources to share, then all agents should be weakly better off; no agent should lose from the increase in resources. The RM principle has been studied in vari ...

Stromquist–Woodall theorem

The Stromquist–Woodall theorem is a theorem in fair division and measure theory. Informally, it says that, for any cake, for any n people with different tastes, and for any fraction r, there exists a subset of the cake that all people value at le ...

Super-proportional division

In the context of fair cake-cutting, a super-proportional division is a division in which each partner receives strictly more than 1/ n of the resource by their own subjective valuation. A super-proportional division is better than a proportional ...

Symmetric fair cake-cutting

Symmetric fair cake-cutting is a variant of the fair cake-cutting problem, in which fairness is applied not only to the final outcome, but also to the assignment of roles in the division procedure. As an example, consider a birthday cake that has ...

Weller's theorem

Wellers theorem is a theorem in economics. It says that a heterogeneous resource can be divided among n partners with different valuations in a way that is both Pareto-efficient and envy-free. Thus, it is possible to divide a cake fairly without ...

Mediation

Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where an impartial third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques. All participants in mediation are enco ...

Bangui National Forum

The Bangui National Forum was a national reconciliation conference organized by the transition government of the Central African Republic. It took place in Bangui from May 4 to 11, 2015 and was part of the third phase of the Brazzaville process. ...

Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, otherwise known as the Henry Dunant Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, or HD, is a private diplomacy organisation based in Switzerland that assists in mediation between conflicting parties to prevent or end ar ...

Civil Mediation Council

The Civil Mediation Council is the recognised authority in England and Wales for all matters related to civil, commercial, workplace and other non-family mediation. It acts as the first point of contact for the Government, the judiciary, the lega ...

Community Mediation Centre (Singapore)

The Community Mediation Centres in Singapore come under the purview of the Ministry of Law. The work of the CMCs is overseen by the Community Mediation Unit, a department set up within the Ministry of Law to run CMCs’ day to day operations as wel ...

Family mediation

Family mediation is a member of the ADR or alternative dispute resolution family. It forms one of the core pillars of mediation services provided globally. Historically, it is not clear geographically where family mediation first evolved. However ...

Lawyer-supported mediation

Lawyer-supported mediation is a "non-adversarial method of alternative dispute resolution to resolves disputes, such as to settle family issues at a time of divorce or separation, including child support, custody issues and division of property". ...

Party participation in the mediation process

Party participation in the mediation process is the crux of the mediation process. When parties agree to a mediation process, they then have the power vested in them to arrive at a mutually acceptable solution to the dispute. The mediator has pow ...

Party-directed mediation

Party-directed mediation is an approach to mediation that seeks to empower each party in a dispute, enabling each party to have more direct influence upon the resolution of a conflict, by offering both means and processes for enhancing the negoti ...

Raymond Shonholtz

Raymond Shonholtz J.D. was the founder of two community mediation organizations; Community Boards in 1976 and Partners for Democratic Change in 1989.

Singapore International Mediation Centre

Singapore International Mediation Centre is an independent Singapore-based not-for-profit organisation providing mediation services, through its panel of international mediators, to parties wishing to resolve their cross-border commercial dispute ...

Singapore Mediation Centre

In 1996, a cross-profession committee on Alternative Dispute Resolution ADR chaired by then Senior Parliamentary Secretary, Associate Professor Ho Peng Kee, was formed to study how mediation in Singapore could be promoted outside the courts. The ...

The Jos Forum Inter-communal Dialogue Process

The Jos Forum Inter-communal Dialogue Process refers to a peace process undertaken by communities living in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Since 2001, Jos has been the site of riots and communal violence leading to significant death and displacemen ...

Transformative mediation

Transformative mediation describes a unique approach to conflict intervention that was first articulated by Robert A. Baruch Bush and Joseph P. Folger in 1994 in The Promise of Mediation. It has been the subject of much study, research and develo ...

UN Peacemaker

UN Peacemaker is an information and knowledge management tool of the United Nations. Intended for peacemaking professionals, it includes an extensive database of peace agreements, guidance material and information on the UN’s mediation support se ...

Alternating offers protocol

An alternating-offers protocol is a procedure for negotiation and bargaining. Consider two people who want to arrive at an agreement. There is a fixed set of possible agreements. In an AOP, each person in turn offers one of the possible agreement ...

FBI Crisis Negotiation Unit

The FBIs Crisis Negotiation Unit is the part of the Operational Support Branch of its Critical Incident Response Group responsible for the FBIs Crisis Negotiation Program. The mission of the CNU is fourfold, consisting of operations, training, re ...

Multiple Equivalent Simultaneous Offers

Multiple Equivalent Simultaneous Offers is a technique used in negotiations. The principle behind MESO is to make multiple offers that are mutually equal in ones mind. By doing this, one can better understand ones partner in a negotiation - his o ...

Negotiation Ethics

A 2004 article in the Marquette Law Review indicated that negotiating ethics had developed from an individual merely knowing the minimal legal threshold of acceptable behavior, to individuals being more aware that interests can be best understood ...

Prague Process (Armenian–Azerbaijani negotiations)

It began in May, 2002, with the meeting of Personal Representatives of the Presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan Deputy Foreign Minister Tatoul Markarian and Deputy Foreign Minister Araz Azimov at Stirin, outside Prague, under the Chairmanship of ...

Trollope ploy

A Trollope ploy is a negotiation technique named after an incident from an Anthony Trollope novel, in which a woman interprets a casual romantic gesture, such as squeezing her hand, as a marriage proposal.

Caux Palace Hotel

The Caux Palace Hotel is a former palace hotel located in Caux, above Montreux in the Vaud canton, in Switzerland. Built on the Caux Mount by the Swiss architect Eugene Jost, it was inaugurated on 7 July 1902. The building rests on a 400-meter lo ...

Goree Institute

The Goree Institute, formally The Goree Institute, Centre for Democracy, Development and Culture in Africa, is a Pan African organization located on Goree Island in Dakar, Senegal. Its mission is "to contribute to the establishment of peaceful so ...

Reconciliation Award

The South African Institute for Justice and Reconciliation gives an annual Reconciliation Award to an individual, community or organisation in South Africa that has contributed, in one way or another, towards reconciliation. Through this award th ...

Reconciliation Canada

Reconciliation Canada is a Canadian non-profit group based in Vancouver, Canada. The charity seeks to promote understanding of the Canadian Indian residential school system, which forcibly relocated First Nations, Inuit and Metis children into bo ...

Reconciliation theology

Reconciliation theology or the theology of reconciliation raises crucial theological questions about how reconciliation can be brought into regions of political conflict. The term differs from the conventional theological understanding of reconci ...

Ubuntu theology

Ubuntu theology is the South African Anglican bishop Desmond Tutus Christian perception of the African Ubuntu philosophy that recognizes the humanity of a person through a persons relationship with other persons. Drawing from his Christian faith, ...

Anti-Dumping case about washing machines

On August 29, 2013, an antidumping case involving South Korea began at the World Trade Organization over U.S. tariffs imposed on imported washing machines. South Korea exports around US0 million–1 billion worth of washing machines to the United S ...

Anti-Dumping Measures on Biodiesel by the European Union

Anti-Dumping Measures on Biodiesel by the European Union. Argentina and Indonesia were the two biggest exporters of biodiesel to the European Union. Together, they were responsible for about 90% or 2.5mn tonnes of the biodiesel imports of the Eur ...

Argentina–United States lemon dispute

The Argentina–United States lemon dispute was a World Trade Organization dispute settlement case challenging U.S. import laws. On September 3, 2012, Argentina requested the assistance of the World Trade Organization in hosting consultations to di ...

EC-IT product dispute

European communities and its member states - tariff treatment of certain information technology products for short EC - IT Product Dispute is a WTO dispute initiated by Japan with European Communities and its member states as respondents. Dispute ...

Japanese Sound Recording Trade Disputes

In 1996, the European Community and United States filed complaints with the WTO against Japan concerning their distribution and protection of sound recordings that originated in their respective states. Both disputes accused Japan of violating nu ...

Rare earths trade dispute

The rare earths trade dispute, between China on one side and several countries led by the US on the other, was over Chinas export restrictions on rare earth elements as well as tungsten and molybdenum, which are used to make many electronics. Chi ...

South Africa-Brazil Frozen Chicken Trade Dispute

In 2012, South Africa imposed anti-dumping duties on Brazilian imports of frozen poultry products. Brazil brought its case to the World Trade Organization, and South Africa chose to impose a general tariff on chicken imports, rather than anti-dum ...

Dissident

A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively challenges an established doctrine, policy, or institution. In a religious context, the word has been used since 18th century, and in the political sense since 1940, coinciding with the rise ...

Nullification (U.S. Constitution)

Nullification, in United States constitutional history, is a legal theory that a state has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any federal law which that state has deemed unconstitutional with respect to the United States Constitution. The theor ...

Ableman v. Booth

Ableman v. Booth, 62 U.S. 506, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that state courts cannot issue rulings that contradict the decisions of federal courts, overturning a decision by the Supreme Court of Wisconsin. The U. ...

Cooper v. Aaron

Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1, was a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, which denied the Arkansas School Board the right to delay desegregation for 30 months. On September 12, 1958, the Warren Court handed down a per curia ...

Interposition

Interposition is a claimed right of a U.S. state to oppose actions of the federal government that the state deems unconstitutional. Under the theory of interposition, a state assumes the right to "interpose" itself between the federal government ...

Nullifier Party

The Nullifier Party was an American political party based in South Carolina in the 1830s. Considered an early American third party, it was started by John C. Calhoun sometime in May–December 1828. The Nullifier Party was a states rights, pro-slav ...

Censorship in the Soviet Union

Censorship in the Soviet Union was pervasive and strictly enforced. Censorship was performed in two main directions: Goskino, in charge of cinema Gosteleradio, in charge of radio and television broadcasting Censorship, in accordance with the offi ...

Popiel

Prince Popiel ІІ was a legendary 9th century ruler of the West Slavic tribe of Goplans and Polans and the last member of the pre-Piast dynasty, the Popielids. According to the chroniclers Gallus Anonymus, Jan Dlugosz, and Marcin Kromer, as a cons ...

List of duels

5th century BC: Aulus Cornelius Cossus, one of only three Roman generals ever awarded the spolia opima, killed the King of the Veientes, Lars Tolumnius, in single combat. 222 BC: Marcus Claudius Marcellus took the spolia opima from Viridomarus, K ...

Bladensburg Dueling Grounds

Bladensburg Dueling Grounds is a small spit of land, a fraction of its original size, along Dueling Creek, formerly in the town of Bladensburg, Maryland, and now within the town of Colmar Manor, just to the northeast of Washington, D.C., United S ...

Burr–Hamilton duel

The Burr–Hamilton duel was a duel fought at Weehawken, New Jersey, between Vice President Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury. It occurred early in the morning of July 11, 1804, and was the culmination of a lon ...