ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 535

Fact-finding

Fact-finding is the job of a person or group of persons in a judicial or administrative proceeding that has or have the responsibility of determining the facts relevant to decide a controversy. The term trier of fact generally denotes the same fu ...

Research fellow

A research fellow is an academic research position at a university or a similar research institution, usually for academic staff or faculty members. A research fellow may act either as an independent investigator or under the supervision of a pri ...

Field trip

A field trip or excursion is a journey by a group of people to a place away from their normal environment. When done for students, it is also known as school trip in the UK, Australia and New Zealand, lakbay aral in the Philippines, Ensoku 遠足 i ...

Fieldnotes

Fieldnotes refer to qualitative notes recorded by scientists or researchers in the course of field research, during or after their observation of a specific phenomenon they are studying. The notes are intended to be read as evidence that gives me ...

Five Ws

The Five Ws are questions whose answers are considered basic in information gathering or problem solving. They are often mentioned in journalism, research and police investigations. According to the principle of the Five Ws, a report can only be ...

Frame (literary journal)

Frame, Journal of Literary Studies is a biannual journal run by students of literature and literary theory. Since its establishment in 1984 it has been the only Dutch publication forum that allows for a centered discussion on comparative literary ...

Funding of science

Research funding is a term generally covering any funding for scientific research, in the areas of natural science, technology, and social science. The term often connotes funding obtained through a competitive process, in which potential researc ...

Further research is needed

The phrases further research is needed ", more research is needed and other variants are commonly used in research papers. The cliche is so common that it has attracted research, regulation and cultural commentary.

FUTON bias

FUTON bias is a tendency of scholars to cite academic journals with open access - that is, journals that make their full text available on the Internet without charge - in preference to toll-access publications. Scholars in some fields can more e ...

Future Earth

Future Earth is a 10-year international research program which aims to build knowledge about the environmental and human aspects of Global change, and to find solutions for sustainable development. It aims to increase the impact of scientific res ...

G7 Research Group

The G7 Research Group is an independent source of information, analysis and research on the institutions, issues and members of the Group of Seven and the G7 Summit. The G8 Research Group was founded in 1987 at the University of Toronto. It is a ...

G20 Research Group

The G20 Research Group was founded by John Kirton in February 2008 as a global network of scholars, students and professionals in the academic, research, business, non-governmental and other communities who follow the work of the G20. In 2009, Ki ...

Galaxy H-Alpha Fabry-Perot System

The Galaxy Hα Fabry-Perot System for WHT is an astronomical instrument installed on the 4.2 metre William Herschel Telescope at Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the Canary island of La Palma. First light was on 6 July 2007. Its name is a pla ...

Global Innovation Index

The Global Innovation Index is an annual ranking of countries by their capacity for, and success in, innovation. It is published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization, in partnership with other organisati ...

Global Open Access Forum

The Global Open Access List, until January 2012 the American Scientist Open Access Forum, is the longest-standing online discussion forum on Open Access. It was created by the American Scientist, which is published by Sigma Xi, in September 1998, ...

GPoT Center

GPoT Center officially the Global Political Trends Center is a research unit, which was established by Mensur Akgun and Sylvia Tiryaki at the Istanbul Kultur University in Turkey in 2009. The mission of the Center is to conduct research, projects ...

Group green exercise

Group Green Exercise refers to physical exercise undertaken in natural environments carried out as a group. Physical exercise has positive outcomes for both physical and mental health, there is growing evidence confirming the benefits to be had f ...

Hierarchy of evidence

A hierarchy of evidence is a heuristic used to rank the relative strength of results obtained from scientific research. There is broad agreement on the relative strength of large-scale, epidemiological studies. More than 80 different hierarchies ...

High-altitude research

The most obvious and direct application of high-altitude research is to understand altitude illnesses such as acute mountain sickness, and the rare but rapidly fatal conditions, high-altitude pulmonary edema HAPE and high-altitude cerebral edema ...

Ice tank

An ice tank is a ship model basin whose purpose is to provide a physical modeling environment for the interaction of ship, structures, or sea floor with both ice and water. Ice tanks may take the form of either a towing tank or maneuvering basin. ...

ICITD

The International Center for Information Technology and Development is a Louisiana Board of Regents-approved center, in conjunction with educational institutions, collaborators, partners and funding agencies conduct research in advancing Informat ...

Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Sarajevo

Institute for genetic engineering and biotechnology, also known as INGEB, is public Bosnian scientific institution, member Sarajevo University, Affiliate center of International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology – ICGEB. ICGEB was ...

Institutional repository

An institutional repository is an archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution. An institutional repository can be viewed as "a set of servi ...

Insurance and Finance

Insurance and Finance is a research programme set up by the Geneva Association, also known as the International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics. This research programme on insurance and finance comprises academic and professional ...

Internet research

Internet research is the practice of using Internet information, especially free information on the World Wide Web, or Internet-based resources in research. Internet research has had a profound impact on the way ideas are formed and knowledge is ...

Internet studies

Internet studies is an interdisciplinary field studying the social, psychological, pedagogical, political, technical, cultural, artistic, and other dimensions of the Internet and associated information and communication technologies. While studie ...

Invention disclosure

An invention disclosure, or invention disclosure report, is a confidential document written by a scientist or engineer for use by a companys patent department, or by an external patent attorney, to determine whether patent protection should be so ...

ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance

ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance IIJIF is a reputable academic journal dedicated to publish high quality research in all the relevant fields of Islamic economics and finance. It is published by the International Shari’ah Research Aca ...

Lab notebook

A laboratory notebook is a primary record of research. Researchers use a lab notebook to document their hypotheses, experiments and initial analysis or interpretation of these experiments. The notebook serves as an organizational tool, a memory a ...

List of regimes

This list of regimes lists the results of regime-classification schemes from political science literature, including Polity data series and the Democracy-Dictatorship Index.

Logology (science)

Logology is the study of all things related to science and its practitioners - philosophical, biological, psychological, societal, historical, political, institutional, financial. The term "logology" is back-formed from -logy in the sense of the ...

Magic Quadrant

Magic Quadrant is a series of market research reports published by IT consulting firm Gartner that rely on proprietary qualitative data analysis methods to demonstrate market trends, such as direction, maturity and participants. Their analyses ar ...

Main effect

In the design of experiments and analysis of variance, a main effect is the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable averaged across the levels of any other independent variables. The term is frequently used in the context of fac ...

Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust

MLW was established in 1995 to conduct internationally excellent science to benefit human health with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa. MLW is built around excellent laboratories, strategically located in the largest hospital in Malawi, Queen Elizab ...

Alfredo De Massis

Alfredo De Massis is an Italian management and organization scientist who researches managerial, behavioural and organizational issues in the context of family enterprises. He is Full Professor of Family Business & Entrepreneurship at the Free Un ...

MaxRange

MaxRange is a data set ranking the level of democracy and institutional structure for all countries of the world on a graded scale. It was developed by Max Rånge, and is maintained by Rånge and Mikael Sandberg, political scientists at Halmstad Un ...

Medawar zone

The Medawar Zone is the area of problems which are most likely to produce fruitful results. Problems that are too simple are unlikely to produce novel or significant results. Problems that are too ambitious may not succeed at all or may be reject ...

Middle East Strategic Information

MESI is directed by Ambassador Yehuda Avner, a veteran diplomat who served on the staff of five past Israeli Prime Ministers, as well as serving as ambassador to the United Kingdom, Ireland and Australia. Furthermore, Avner formerly served as the ...

Milestone fee

In contracts, research and development, research administration, and project management, milestone fees are fees for the development of a deliverable to be completed under the applicable statement of work. Milestone fees do not include sales tax ...

MovAlyzeR

MovAlyzeR is a software package for handwriting movement analysis for research and professional applications. Handwriting movements are recorded using a digitizing tablet connected to a computer. MovAlyzeR is used in many different fields ranging ...

New investigator

Certain scholarly funding agencies make a distinction between investigators and new investigators. New investigators would be evaluated in a different way when competing for funding with more seasoned researchers, or they would be able to access ...

NIH Intramural Research Program

The NIH Intramural Research Program is the internal research program of the National Institutes of Health, known for its synergistic approach to biomedical science. With 1.200 Principal Investigators and over 4.000 Postdoctoral Fellows conducting ...

OceanoScientific

In November 2006, Yvan Griboval creates the OceanoScientific Programme for SailingOne. The OceanoScientific Programme is the set of activities designed to enable the international scientific community and the IPCC to enrich their knowledge about ...

Open-access repository

An open-access repository or open archive is a digital platform that holds research output and provides free, immediate and permanent access to research results for anyone to use, download and distribute. To facilitate open access such repositori ...

Open research

Open research is research conducted in the spirit of free and open-source software. Much like open-source schemes that are built around a source code that is made public, the central theme of open research is to make clear accounts of the methodo ...

Outcome measure

An outcome measure, endpoint, effect measure or measure of effect is a measure within medical practice or research, which is used to assess the effect, both positive and negative, of an intervention or treatment. Measures can often be quantified ...

Pheme (project)

Unverified content is dominant and prolific in social media messages. While big data typically presents challenges in its information volume, variety and velocity, social media presents a fourth: establishing veracity. The Pheme project aims to a ...

Poster session

A poster presentation, at a congress or conference with an academic or professional focus, is the presentation of research information in the form of a paper poster that conference participants may view. A poster session is an event at which many ...

Practice research

Practice research is a form of academic research which incorporates an element of practice in the methodology or research output. Rather than seeing the relationship between practice and theory as a dichotomy, has sometimes traditionally been the ...

Practitioner research

Practitioner research refers to research and/or workplace research such as evaluation performed by individuals who also work in a professional field as opposed to being full-time academic researchers. Practitioner research developed as a recogniz ...