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Voting age

A voting age is a minimum age established by law that a person must attain before they become eligible to vote in a public election. Today, the most common voting age is 18 years; however, voting ages as low as 16 and as high as 25 currently exis ...

List of types of waivers

Forfeiture and waiver, concepts used by the United States court system Visa Waiver Program, U.S. government system, allowing citizens of other countries to travel to the United States United States Waiver of Inadmissibility, application for legal ...

List of weight-of-evidence articles

Weight of evidence is a measure of evidence on one side of an issue as compared with the evidence on the other side of the issue, or to measure the evidence on multiple issues. Weight of evidence or WofE may be used in:

Gujarat Control of Organised Crime Act

The Gujarat Control of Organised Crime Act is a controversial anti-terrorism legislation passed by the state legislature of Gujarat, India, in April 2003. On 5 November 2019 President Ram Nath Kovind given his assent.

Karnataka Control of Organised Crimes Act

Karnataka Control of Organised Crimes Act, 2000 is a law enacted by Karnataka state in India in 2000 to combat organised crime and terrorism. The Act was modeled on the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, 1999. The Acts stated purpose was ...

Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act

Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, 1999 is a law enacted by Maharashtra state in India in 1999 to combat organised crime and terrorism. The preamble to MCOCA says that "the existing legal framework, i.e. the penal and procedural laws and ...

Organized Crime Control Act

The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970, was an Act of Congress sponsored by Democratic Senator John L. McClellan and signed into law by U.S. President Richard Nixon. The Act was the product of two sets of hearings in the Senate, the Select Commi ...

Puducherry Prevention of Anti-Social Activities Act

The Puducherry Prevention of Anti-Social Activities Act, 2008 is an act of the Puducherry assembly which provides for preventive detention of boot-leggers, dangerous persons, forest offenders, gamblers, goondas and property grabbers for preventio ...

Punjab Control of Organised Crime Act

Punjab Control of Organised Crime Act, is law to be enacted by Punjab state in India to combat organised crime. It is in process of approval as the Punjab Cabinet has yet not given its approval on account of few reservations about various clauses ...

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act is a United States federal law that provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. The RICO Act focuses s ...

Uttar Pradesh Control of Organised Crimes Act

Uttar Pradesh Control of Organised Crimes Act, 2017 is a law enacted by Uttar Pradesh state in India in 2017 to combat organized crime and terrorism.

Brandeis Award (litigation)

The Brandeis Award of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission is awarded annually to "outstanding litigators". Recipients include the following: 2018 - Patricia McDermott

Brandeis Medal

The Brandeis Medal is awarded to individuals whose lives reflect United States Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis commitment to the ideals of individual liberty, concern for the disadvantaged and public service. The medal is awarded by the Univ ...

Burton Awards for Legal Achievement

The Burton Awards program is held in association with the Library of Congress, presented by lead sponsor Law360, and co-sponsored by the American Bar Association. The awards are generally selected by professors from Harvard Law School, Yale Law S ...

Fernand Collin Prize for Law

The Fernand Collin Prize for Law was named after Fernand Collin. It is awarded to a scientist who makes a significant contribution to law in Belgium. In 1972 it was awarded to an economist.

Gruber Prize for Justice

The Gruber Prize for Justice, established in 2001, was one of five international prizes worth US0.000 awarded by The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, an American non-profit organization. Recipients were selected by a distinguished panel of i ...

Helmuth-James-von-Moltke-Preis

The Helmuth-James-von-Moltke-Preis was established in 2001 by the German Section of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War. It is awarded every two years for outstanding judicial works in the field of security policy. The p ...

Morton A. Brody Distinguished Judicial Service Award

The Morton A. Brody Distinguished Judicial Service Award is presented annually by Colby College to a United States federal or state judge who embodies the qualities of integrity, compassion, humanity, and judicial craftsmanship. The award is name ...

Harrison Tweed Award

The Harrison Tweed Award was created in 1956 to recognize the extraordinary achievements of state and local bar associations that develop or significantly expand projects or programs to increase access to civil legal services for poor persons or ...

William J. Brennan Award

William J. Brennan, Jr., who authored the opinion in New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, has several awards named in his honor, which are presented to individuals for dedication to public interest and free expression. Awards named after William J. Br ...

William O. Douglas Prize

The William O. Douglas Prize is given by the Commission on Freedom of Expression of the Speech Communication Association to honor those who contribute to writing about freedom of speech. The Award is named after William O. Douglas, who served as ...

Yorke Prize

The Yorke Prize is awarded annually by the Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge for an essay of between 30.000 and 100.000 words on a legal subject, including the history, analysis, administration and reform of law, "of exceptional quali ...

Case law

Case law is the collection of past legal decisions written by courts and similar tribunals in the course of deciding cases, in which the law was analyzed using these cases to resolve ambiguities for deciding current cases. These past decisions ar ...

Dec. No. 5946/212/2015

Alexandra Stan vs. Marcel Prodan refers to a 2013 Judecatoria Constanța lawsuit in which Romanian singer Alexandra Stan accused her impresario Marcel Prodan and his label Maan Studio of blackmail, bodily harm, common assault and robbery. In June ...

European Case Law Identifier

The European Case Law Identifier is an identifier for court decisions in Europe. The identifier consists of five elements separated by colons: ECLI. The standard is laid down in the Council Conclusions inviting the introduction of the European Ca ...

Legal case

A legal case is in a general sense a dispute between opposing parties which may be resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process. A legal case is typically based on either civil or criminal law. In most legal cases there are one or mor ...

Precedent book

It could have significant constitutional effects: so, for example, the UK Precedent Book or Rule book, written by the Cabinet Office. Its archive files are subject to 30 year closure unless otherwise stated.

Referential bid

A referential bid is a bid or tender for the purchase or supply of goods or services whose value is stated by reference to the bids or tenders received from competitors, e.g. "such a sum as will exceed by £200 the amount. offered. by any other pr ...

Samsung v. Huawei

In 2011, Huawei and Samsung began negotiating cross-licenses for their patent portfolios, which includes SEPs. Because both parties are SEP holders, they had mutual obligations to offer each other FRAND licenses. However, they failed to reach an ...

Court reporter

A court reporter or court stenographer, formerly referred to as a stenotype operator, shorthand reporter, or maybe even a law reporter, is a person whose occupation is to capture the live testimony in proceedings using a stenographic machine and ...

Forensic linguistics

Forensic linguistics, legal linguistics, or language and the law, is the application of linguistic knowledge, methods and insights to the forensic context of law, language, crime investigation, trial, and judicial procedure. It is a branch of app ...

Legal advertising

Legal advertising is advertising by lawyers and law firms. Legal marketing is a broader term referring to advertising and other practices, such as client relations, blogging, cross-selling, public relations and maintaining contact with alumni.

Legal Electronic Data Exchange Standard

The Legal Electronic Data Exchange Standard is a set of file format specifications intended to facilitate electronic data transmission in the legal industry. The phrase is abbreviated LEDES and is usually pronounced as "leeds". The LEDES specific ...

Legal English

Legal English is the type of English as used in legal writing. In general, a legal language is a formalized language based on logic rules which differs from the ordinary natural language in vocabulary, morphology, syntax, and semantics, as well a ...

Legal informatics

Legal informatics is an area within information science. The American Library Association defines informatics as "the study of the structure and properties of information, as well as the application of technology to the organization, storage, ret ...

Legal lexicography

Legal lexicography is the complex of activities concerned with the development of theories and principles for the design, compilation, use, and evaluation of dictionaries within the field of law, see e.g. Nielsen 1994.

Legal writing

Legal writing involves the analysis of fact patterns and presentation of arguments in documents such as legal memoranda and briefs. One form of legal writing involves drafting a balanced analysis of a legal problem or issue. Another form of legal ...

Plain language

Plain language is writing designed to ensure the reader understands as quickly, easily, and completely as possible. Plain language strives to be easy to read, understand, and use. It avoids verbose, convoluted language and jargon. In many countri ...

Certified translation

A certified translation is one which fulfills the requirements in the country in question, enabling it to be used in formal procedures, with the translator accepting responsibility for its accuracy. These requirements vary widely from country to ...

Legal translation

Legal translation is the translation of texts within the field of law. As law is a culture-dependent subject field, legal translation is not necessarily linguistically transparent. Intransparency in translation can be avoided somewhat by use of L ...

Trial graphics

Trial graphics are images that have been designed by expert graphic artists for use in legal trials and procedures. Graphs and other images can be created to use as evidential support in a court of law by utilizing current graphic design technolo ...

Uniform Task-Based Management System

The Uniform Task-Based Management System is a set of codes designed to standardize categorization and facilitate analysis of legal work and expenses. UTBMS was produced through a collaborative effort among the American Bar Association Section of ...

Civil Law Initiative

Civil Law Initiative is a public utility private institution headquartered in Paris, aiming at development of the civil law system and promotion of legal balance in the world. The main objective of the Initiative is to develop the influence of th ...

Comparative juvenile criminal law

Juvenile law pertains to those who are deemed to be below the age of majority, which varies by country and culture. Usually, minors are treated differently under the law. However, even minors may be prosecuted as adults.

Comparative law wiki

Comparative law wikis are wikis that allow users to create empirical cross-reference datasets for the analysis of the worlds myriad legal systems. Wikis are adaptable to use by any cross-geographical comparative study, such as comparative politic ...

Comparative negligence

Comparative negligence, or non-absolute contributory negligence outside the United States, is a partial legal defense that reduces the amount of damages that a plaintiff can recover in a negligence-based claim, based upon the degree to which the ...

Comparative responsibility

Comparative responsibility is a doctrine of tort law that compares the fault of each party in a lawsuit for a single injury. Comparative responsibility may apply to intentional torts as well as negligence and encompasses the doctrine of comparati ...

Legal origins theory

The legal origins theory claims that the two main legal traditions or origins, civil law and common law, crucially shape lawmaking and dispute adjudication and have not been reformed after the initial exogenous transplantation by Europeans. There ...

Legal transplant

The term legal transplant was coined in the 1970s by the Scottish-American legal scholar W.A.J. Alan Watson to indicate the moving of a rule or a system of law from one country to another. The notion of legal transplantation is diffusionism-based ...

List of national legal systems

The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history ...