ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 543

EuCML

EuCML: Journal of European Consumer and Market Law is a law journal. The journal focuses on European and international consumer and market law including aspects from fields such as unfair commercial practices, unfair contract terms, competition l ...

European civil code

The European civil code is a proposed harmonisation of private law across the European Union. The ultimate aim of a European civil code is, like a national civil code, to deal comprehensively with the core areas of private law. Private law typica ...

Hague Conference on Private International Law

The Hague Conference on Private International Law is an intergovernmental organisation in the area of private international law, that administers several international conventions, protocols and soft law instruments. The Hague Conference was firs ...

International Journal of Private Law

The International Journal of Private Law is a quarterly peer-reviewed law journal covering all aspects of private law, including audio-visual, media, communication, and space law. It is intended to cover the legal issues facing individuals, entre ...

UNIDROIT

UNIDROIT is an intergovernmental organization whose objective is to harmonize international private law across countries through uniform rules, international conventions, and the production of model laws, sets of principles, guides and guidelines ...

Promulgation

Promulgation is the formal proclamation or the declaration that a new statutory or administrative law is enacted after its final approval. In some jurisdictions, this additional step is necessary before the law can take effect. After a new law is ...

Promulgation (canon law)

Promulgation in the canon law of the Catholic Church is the publication of a law by which it is made known publicly, and is required by canon law for the law to obtain legal effect. Universal laws are promulgated when they are published in Acta A ...

Vacatio legis

Vacatio legis is a technical term in both Catholic canon law and civil law which refers to the period between the promulgation of a law and the time the law takes legal effect.

Ancestral domain

Ancestral domain or ancestral lands refers to the lands, territories and resources of indigenous peoples, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. The term differs from indigenous land rights, Aboriginal title or Native Title by directly indicati ...

Black Saturday (1621)

Black Saturday was a particularly dark, stormy Saturday in Scotland, on 4 August 1621. Many regarded the foul weather as a judgment of Heaven against Acts then passed in the Scots Parliament tending to establish Episcopacy. Many suicides were rec ...

Blue law

Blue laws, also known as Sunday laws, are laws designed to restrict or ban some or all Sunday activities for religious or secular reasons, particularly to promote the observance of a day of worship or rest. Blue laws may also restrict shopping or ...

Sarah Coakley

Sarah Anne Coakley is an English Anglican systematic theologian and philosopher of religion with interdisciplinary interests. She is an honorary professor at the Logos Institute, the University of St Andrews, after she stepped down as Norris–Huls ...

Edict of toleration

An edict of toleration is a declaration, made by a government or ruler, and states that members of a given religion will not be persecuted for engaging in their religious practices and traditions. The edict implies tacit acceptance of the religio ...

Legal status of Jainism as a distinct religion in India

Jainism is considered to be a legally distinct religion in India. A section of scholars earlier considered it as a Hindu sect or a Buddhist heresy, but it is one of the three ancient Indian religions. On 30 January 2014, the Government of India e ...

Legal status of the Universal Life Church

The legal status of the Universal Life Church encompasses a collection of court decisions and state executive branch pronouncements determining what rights the Universal Life Church and comparable organizations have as religious organizations. Wi ...

Ordination mill

An ordination mill is a religious organization or denomination in which membership is obtainable by trivial means and all members are qualified for self-ordination as a minister of religion, bishop, priest or deacon without any prerequisite train ...

Red Mass

A Red Mass is a Mass celebrated annually in the Catholic Church for all members of the legal profession, regardless of religious affiliation: judges, lawyers, law school professors, law students, and government officials, marking the opening of t ...

Religious fraud

Religious fraud is a term used for civil or criminal fraud carried out in the name of a religion or within a religion, e.g. false claims to being kosher or tax fraud. A specific form of religious fraud is pious fraud Latin: pia fraus, whereby one ...

Computer-assisted legal research

Computer-assisted legal research or computer-based legal research is a mode of legal research that uses databases of court opinions, statutes, court documents, and secondary material. Electronic databases make large bodies of case law easily avai ...

Legal research

Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making. In its broadest sense, legal research includes each step of a course of action that begins with an analysis of the facts of a pro ...

Legal research in the United States

Legal research is the process of identifying and retrieving information to support legal arguments and decisions. Finding relevant legal information can be challenging and may involve the use of electronic research tools as well as printed books ...

Abstract (law)

The Abstract of Title, used in real estate transactions, is the more common form of abstract. An abstract of title lists all the owners of a piece of land, a house, or a building before it came into possession of the present owner. The abstract a ...

AltLaw

AltLaw was an American academic project from 2007 to 2010 aimed at making federal appellate and Supreme Court case law publicly available, "to make the common law a bit more common." The project was a collaboration between Columbia Law Schools Pr ...

American Association of Law Libraries

The American Association of Law Libraries "is a nonprofit educational organization with over 5.000 members nationwide. AALLs mission is to promote and enhance the value of law libraries to the legal and public communities, to foster the professio ...

American Jurisprudence

American Jurisprudence is an encyclopedia of the United States law, published by West. It was originated by Lawyers Cooperative Publishing, which was subsequently acquired by the Thomson Corporation. The series is now in its second edition, launc ...

American Law Reports

In American law, the American Law Reports are a resource used by American lawyers to find a variety of sources relating to specific legal rules, doctrines, or principles. It has been published since 1919, originally by Lawyers Cooperative Publish ...

Bangladesh Institute of Legal Development

Bangladesh Institute of Legal Development is a legal research institute at Bangladesh. It was founded in 2016 with association of Azad & Company, a corporate law firm of Bangladesh. The main concern of Bangladesh Institute of Legal Development is ...

Bloomberg Law

Bloomberg Law is a subscription-based service that uses data analytics and artificial intelligence for online legal research. The service, which Bloomberg L.P. introduced in 2009, provides legal content, proprietary company information and news i ...

Canada Gazette

The Canada Gazette is the official newspaper of the Government of Canada. It was first published on October 2, 1841. While originally it published all acts of the Parliament of Canada, it later also published treaties, hearing and tribunals, proc ...

Carswell (publisher)

Carswell was a Canadian source of information services to legal, tax & accounting, and human resource professionals. It was founded in 1864. It is was a part of the Professional division of Thomson Reuters, which was purchased by HAB Press, subsi ...

Case citation

Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported. Case cita ...

CCH (company)

CCH has been publishing materials on U.S. tax law and tax compliance since the inception of the modern U.S. federal income tax in 1913. Wolters Kluwer bought the company in 1995. Today, the company is also recognized for its software and integrat ...

CCH Canadian

CCH Canadian Limited is one of the four operating units of Wolters Kluwer Tax & Accounting. CCH Canadian Ltd. is a provider of solutions in the area of tax, accounting, law, human resources and financial planning.

Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction

The Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction, also known as CALI, is a 501 nonprofit that does research and development in online legal education. CALI publishes over 1.000 interactive tutorials, free casebooks, and develops software for ex ...

Citator

In legal research, a citator is a citation index of legal resources, one of the best-known of which in the United States is Shepards Citations. Given a reference of a legal decision, a citator allows the researcher to find newer documents which c ...

Collateral Consequences Calculator

The Collateral Consequences Calculator is a legal website designed to aid judges, attorney, and legal academics in their research of collateral consequences of criminal charges. It is currently being developed as a joint project between students ...

Commanding precedent

In law, a commanding precedent is a precedent whose facts are "on all fours" with the case at hand. In other words, it almost exactly tracks it, sharing near-identical facts and issues. A commanding precedent is also referred to as a "Goose" case ...

Corpus Juris Secundum

Corpus Juris Secundum is an encyclopedia of United States law at the federal and state levels. It is arranged alphabetically, into over 430 topics, which in turn are arranged into subheadings. As of 2010, CJS consisted of 164 bound volumes, 5 ind ...

Courtroom View Network

Courtroom View Network, the media division of Courtroom Connect, is a US company webcasting video from civil trials. CVN is also the exclusive non-judicial provider of trials video to Westlaw.

CourtWeb

In order to facilitate access to written legal opinions, some U.S. court systems provide them on CourtWeb, which, unlike PACER, does not require registration.

Encyclopaedia of Forms and Precedents

The Encyclopaedia of Forms and Precedents is a large collection of non-litigious legal forms and precedents published by LexisNexis UK. The encyclopaedia is available in hard copy, on a searchable online database, and on CD-ROM. It currently cons ...

Form book

A form book is a tool used by attorneys to aid in the filing of pleadings, motions and other legal documents with a court or similar decision-making body. A form book may be a bound volume or binder containing loose-leaf pages, containing forms, ...

Gazette officielle du Quebec

The Gazette officielle du Quebec is an official publication of the Quebec government. It is used to promulgate new laws and regulations, which thereby become official. It was founded on January 16, 1869. An earlier Gazette de Quebec was an unoffi ...

Global Legal Information Network

The Global Legal Information Network is a cooperative, not-for-profit federation of government agencies or their designees that contribute national legal information to the GLIN database. It is an automated database of statutes, regulations and r ...

Global Sales Law Project

The Global Sales Law Project is a research project based at the University of Basel under the leadership of Ingeborg Schwenzer. It compares the sales and contract laws of more than 60 jurisdictions.

GlobaLex

GlobaLex is an online publication of the Hauser Global Law School Program at the New York University School of Law providing research tools for comparative law, international law, and the laws of various jurisdictions around the world. It was lau ...

Housekeeping provision

In Canada, statutes are one of the primary sources of law. A statute ends with housekeeping provisions, which are sections covering the details of the statute, such as the date of coming into force and the right of officials who administer the st ...

Incomes Data Services

Incomes Data Services was a British research organisation dedicated to employment-related areas. It was acquired by Thomson Reuters in September 2005. It was dedicated to providing original research, analysis and training on pay benchmarking, pay ...

Institute of Advanced Legal Studies

The Institute of Advanced Legal Studies is a member institute of the School of Advanced Study, University of London. Founded in 1947, it is a national academic centre of excellence, serving the legal community and universities across the United K ...

International Law Association

The International Law Association is a non-profit organisation based in Great Britain that - according to its constitution - promotes "the study, clarification and development of international law" and "the furtherance of international understand ...