ⓘ World history

World history

World history or global history is a field of historical study that emerged centuries ago, with leaders such as Voltaire, Hegel, Karl Marx and Arnold J. Toynbee. The field became much more active in terms of university teaching, text books, scholarly journals, and academic associations in the late 20th century. It examines history from a global perspective. It is not to be confused with comparative history, which, like world history, deals with the history of multiple cultures and nations, but does not do so on a global scale. World history looks for common patterns that emerge across all ...


Alltagsgeschichte is a form of microhistory that was particularly prevalent amongst German historians during the 1980s. It was founded by historians Alf Luedtke and Hans Medick. The name is German, from "Alltag", "everyday", and "geschichte", "history". In this sense, Alltagsgeschichte can be considered part of the wider Marxian historical school of history from below. It challenged the well-known framework of Strukturgeschichte," structured history”, within the German historical field and advocated for a new model of social history.

Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era. Although the chronological limits of the period are open to debate, the timeframe spans the period after the late portion of the post-classical age, known as the Middle Ages, through the beginning of the Age of Revolutions and is variously demarcated by historians as beginning with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Renaissance period in Europe, the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, and the Age of Discovery and ending around the French Revolution in 1789. Historians in recent d ...

End of history

The end of history is a political and philosophical concept that supposes that a particular political, economic, or social system may develop that would constitute the end-point of humanitys sociocultural evolution and the final form of human government. A variety of authors have argued that a particular system is the "end of history" including Thomas More in Utopia, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx, Vladimir Solovyov, Alexandre Kojeve, and Francis Fukuyama in the 1992 book, The End of History and the Last Man. The concept of an end of history differs from ideas of an end of the wo ...

Freedom Rising

Freedom Rising: Human Empowerment and the Quest for Emancipation is a 2013 book by the German political scientist Christian Welzel, professor of political culture and political sociology at Leuphana University Lueneburg and vice-president of the World Values Survey.

Guns, Germs, and Steel

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. In 1998, Guns, Germs, and Steel won the Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction and the Aventis Prize for Best Science Book. A documentary based on the book, and produced by the National Geographic Society, was broadcast on PBS in July 2005. The book attempts to explain why Eurasian and North African civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian h ...

History of Eurasia

The history of Eurasia is the collective history of a continental area with several distinct peripheral coastal regions: the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe, linked by the interior mass of the Eurasian steppe of Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Perhaps beginning with the Steppe Route trade, the early Silk Road, the Eurasian view of history seeks establishing genetic, cultural, and linguistic links between European and Asian cultures of antiquity. In fact, much interest in this area lies with the presumed origin of the speakers of the Proto-Indo-European langu ...

History of the Americas

The prehistory of the Americas begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an Ice Age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from the people of the "Old World" until the coming of Europeans in the 10th century from Iceland led by Leif Erikson and with the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492. The ancestors of todays American Indigenous peoples were the Paleo-Indians; they were hunter-gatherers who migrated into North America. The most popular theory asserts that migrants came to the Americas via Beringia, the land mass now covered by th ...

History of Earth

The history of Earth concerns the development of planet Earth from its formation to the present day. Nearly all branches of natural science have contributed to understanding of the main events of Earths past, characterized by constant geological change and biological evolution. The geological time scale GTS, as defined by international convention, depicts the large spans of time from the beginning of the Earth to the present, and its divisions chronicle some definitive events of Earth history. In the graphic: Ga means "billion years ago"; Ma, "million years ago". Earth formed around 4.54 b ...

History of the world

The history of the world, in common parlance, is the history of humanity, as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies. Humanitys written history was preceded by its prehistory, beginning with the Palaeolithic Era "Old Stone Age", followed by the Neolithic Era "New Stone Age". The Neolithic saw the Agricultural Revolution begin, between 8000 and 5000 BCE, in the Near Easts Fertile Crescent. During this period, humans began the systemat ...

International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations

The International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations is an international scholarly organization dedicated to the interdisciplinary study of civilizations. Based at Western Michigan University in the United States, the ISCSC holds an annual conference and publishes the journal Comparative Civilizations Review.

Journal of World History

The Journal of World History is a peer-reviewed academic journal that presents historical analysis from a global point of view, focusing especially on forces that cross the boundaries of cultures and civilizations, including large-scale population movements, economic fluctuations, transfers of technology, the spread of infectious diseases, long-distance trade, and the spread of religious faiths, ideas, and values. The journal was established in 1990 by Jerry H. Bentley at the University of Hawaii to serve as the official journal of the World History Association. It is published by the Univ ...

Late modern period

In many periodizations of human history, the late modern period followed the early modern period. It began approximately in the mid-18th century and depending on the author either ended with the beginning of contemporary history after World War II, or includes that period up to the present day. Notable historical milestones included the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the Great Divergence, and the Russian Revolution. It took all of human history up to 1804 for the worlds population to reach 1 billion; the next billion came just over a century later, i ...


Macrohistory seeks out large, long-term trends in world history, searching for ultimate patterns through a comparison of proximate details. It favors a comparative or world-historical perspective to determine the roots of changes as well as the developmental paths of society or a historical process. A macro-historical study might examine Japanese feudalism and European feudalism in order to decide whether feudal structures are an inevitable outcome given certain conditions. Macro-historical studies often "assume that macro-historical processes repeat themselves in explainable and understan ...

The Origins of Political Order

The Origins of Political Order is a 2011 book by political economist Francis Fukuyama about what makes a state stable. It uses a comparative political history to develop a theory of the stability of a political system. According to Fukuyama, a stable state needs to be modern and strong, to obey the rule of law governing the state and be accountable.

People's history

A peoples history, or history from below, is a type of historical narrative which attempts to account for historical events from the perspective of common people rather than leaders. There is an emphasis on disenfranchised, the oppressed, the poor, the nonconformists, and otherwise marginal groups. The authors are typically on the left and have a Marxist model in mind, as in the approach of the History Workshop movement in Britain in the 1960s.

Political history of the world

The political history of the world is the history of the various political entities created by the human race throughout their existence and the way these states define their borders. Throughout history, political entities have expanded from basic systems of self-governance and monarchy to the complex democratic and totalitarian systems that exist today. In parallel, political systems have expanded from vaguely defined frontier-type boundaries, to the national definite boundaries existing today.

Post-classical history

Post-classical history is a periodization commonly used by the school of "world history" instead of Middle Ages, which is roughly synonymous. The period runs from about 500 CE to 1450 though there may be regional differences and debates. The era was globally characterized by the expansion of civilizations geographically and development of networks of trade between civilizations. In Asia, the spread of Islam created a new empire and Islamic Golden Age with trade among the Asian, African and European continents, and advances in science in the medieval Islamic world. East Asia experienced the ...


Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools c. 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems. The earliest writing systems appeared c. 5.300 years ago, but it took thousands of years for writing to be widely adopted, and it was not used in some human cultures until the 19th century or even until the present. The end of prehistory therefore came at very different dates in different places, and the term is less often used in discussing societies where prehistory ended relatively recently. Sumer in Mesopotamia, the Indus valley civilization ...

Recorded history

Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication. It contrasts with other narratives of the past, such as mythological, oral or archeological traditions. For broader world history, recorded history begins with the accounts of the ancient world around the 4th millennium BC, and coincides with the invention of writing. For some geographic regions or cultures, written history is limited to a relatively recent period in human history because of the limited use of written records. Moreover, human cultures do not always rec ...

Schøyen Collection

The Schoyen Collection is one of the largest private manuscript collections in the world, mostly located in Oslo and London. Formed in the 20th century by Martin Schoyen, it comprises manuscripts of global provenance, spanning 5.000 years of history. It contains more than 13.000 manuscript items; the oldest is about 5.300 years old. There are manuscripts from 134 different countries and territories, representing 120 languages and 185 scripts. The Collection procures and preserves diverse manuscripts, from all over the world, irrespective of the geography, culture, linguistic, race and reli ...

The General Crisis

The General Crisis is the term used by some historians to describe the period of widespread conflict and instability that occurred from the early 17th century to the early 18th century in Europe and in more recent historiography in the world at large. The concept is much debated by historians; there is no consensus. The term was coined by Eric Hobsbawm in his pair of 1954 articles entitled "The Crisis of the Seventeenth Century" published in Past and Present.

Universal history

A universal history is a work aiming at the presentation of the history of mankind as a whole, coherent unit. A universal chronicle or world chronicle traces history from the beginning of written information about the past up to the present. Universal history embraces the events of all times and nations in so far as scientific treatment of them is possible. Universal history in the Western tradition is commonly divided into three parts, viz. ancient, medieval, and modern time. The division on ancient and medieval periods is less sharp or absent in the Arabic and Asian historiographies. A s ...

World History Association

The World History Association is an academic association that promotes the study of world history through the encouragement of research, teaching, and publication. It was founded in 1982. The WHA provides many opportunities for connecting world historians with one another. It publishes the Journal of World History and World History Bulletin, and has awarded World History Association Book Prize since 1999.


ⓘ World history

  • World history or global history is a field of historical study that emerged centuries ago, with leaders such as Voltaire, Hegel, Karl Marx and Arnold
  • The Cambridge World History is a seven volume history of the world in nine books published by Cambridge University Press in 2015. The editor in chief is
  • Advanced Placement World History Modern also known as AP World History WHAP, AP World or APWH is a college - level course and examination offered to
  • The World History Association WHA is an academic association that promotes the study of world history through the encouragement of research, teaching
  • The Encyclopedia of World History is a classic single - volume work detailing world history The first through fifth editions were edited by William L.
  • The history of the world is the recorded memory of the experience of Homo sapiens. History of the world may also refer to: History of the World board
  • timelines of world history detail recorded events since the creation of writing roughly 5000 years ago which marks the beginning of history to the present
  • The Journal of World History is a peer - reviewed academic journal that presents historical analysis from a global point of view, focusing especially on
  • the World Turns is a long - running soap opera television series that aired on CBS from April 2, 1956, to September 17, 2010. Its fictional world has a
  • Short History of the World may refer to: A Short History of the World H. G. Wells 1922 book by Wells A Short History of the World Geoffrey Blainey
  • The history of the world in common parlance, is the history of humanity or human history as determined from archeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics